A few feet from the Temple of the Holy Sepulcher and in front the Lutheran church stands a Russian Orthodox Church of St. Alexander Nevsky – part of St. Alexander Metochion. Both the church and the courtyard are managed by the Imperial Orthodox Palestine Society.
The site is related to the events of the Agony of the Christ: this is the place where the Savior fell when carrying His heavy cross. It was here that they laid His cross upon the shoulders of Simon the Cyrenian. It was also the limit of the city, where the Judgment Gate stood.
This plot of land was acquired by the Russian Empire and in late 19th
century was discovered the Threshold of the Judgment Gate by which Jesus left the city on his way to the hill of Calvary. The Russian House was built around this sacred place, and after the death of Alexander III — a church was erected and dedicated to Alexander Nevsky — the emperor’s patron saint. The altar is made of the 4th
-century’s columns that belonged to the Resurrection of the Christ basilica. There are other important relics, including over 40 ancient icons.
The last Russian emperor Nicholas II, who was canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church as a martyr, took an active part in opening the Church of St. Alexander Nevsky. Most Russian pilgrims visiting the Holy Lands within the framework of Palestine Society programs begin their journey here.
Другие святые места